Main characteristics of the Provenance Proof Blockchain:
Open: The Provenance Proof Blockchain is open for full use to any industry participants who is ready to embrace transparency.
Free: No charges whatsoever occur for the use of the blockchain. Both contributing and accessing data is completely free of charge.
Complete: The journey of a gemstone begins at the mine, which is where the Provenance Proof Blockchain kicks in. Each transaction and hand-over adds an entry to the blockchain, resulting in a record giving transparency into the complete journey of a gemstone, from the mine to the end consumer.
Transparent: Visibility upstream the value chain (i.e. towards the mine) is granted for the entity that has the stone in its ownership or custody, i.e. disclosing the identity and location of each entity that was involved in the stone’s supply chain at any point in time. This transparency is also granted to the retailer and the end consumer.
Independent: The Provenance Proof Blockchain is a solution dedicated to gemstones and jewellery, to be operated independently from the Gübelin Gem Lab or Everledger. To ensure it can fulfill its mission autonomously, the further development and maintenance of the Provenance Proof Blockchain will be entrusted to a dedicated, multi-stakeholder advisory board.
Simple: All processes, including the registration and the upload of data, can be done with a smartphone. This makes the use of the Provenance Proof Blockchain convenient for all types and sizes of stakeholders; artisanal miners, small-scale cooperatives, large companies, cutters and treaters, dealers, wholesalers, gem labs, manufacturers, jewellery brands, retailers, and end consumers.
Confidential: The Provenance Proof blockchain does not give any insight into the commercial value of the tracked gems, nor does it give any downstream (i.e. towards the end consumer) visibility.
Secure: Blockchain technology ensures the integrity of the data, and is considered tamperproof. The integrity of the stone itself can be offered by another solution developed under the Provenance Proof initiative; the Emerald Paternity Test connects the digital track of the blockchain with a physical tracer. This technology is already successfully applied in large scale by global mining companies. Such physical tracers, or nano-anchors, build the link of the digital logbook and the physical good. This tandem enables new levels of verifying authenticity, unrivalled by any other blockchain solution.
Expandable: Some users of the blockchain might have specific requirements, such as integration into their database, or evaluation tools. Different add-ons serving the needs of specific users will be developed to offer even more customized information.